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Beaches Need Hereford Inlet Sand

The cutterhead, Dredge Texas, owned and operated by Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Company, pumps sand onto the beaches of Stone Harbor, N.J. in February of 2017.

Posted on September 26, 2022

The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers plans to spend taxpayer dollars to identify alternative sources of sand for beach replenishments in municipalities that could be easily and more cheaply served with sand from Hereford Inlet. They will do it because the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, a part of the Department of the Interior, has interpreted a 1982 federal statue so strictly that it allows no room to account for local circumstance.  

The statute that Fish and Wildlife uses as the basis for its restriction on the use of federal funds for mining Hereford Inlet sand is the Coastal Barrier Resources Act (CBRA). The act designates certain coastal areas as ineligible for direct or indirect federal expenditures. The intent was to discourage development in these areas.  

Proposed by Representatives Thomas Evans, Jr. (R Del.) and Senator John Chafee (R RI), the act had two significant goals. It would reduce the potential loss of life in areas vulnerable to storm surges and hurricanes and it would prevent the wasteful expenditure of federal resources.  

By restricting access to the Hereford Inlet sand, the Interior Department is violating both of these avowed CBRA goals.  

It is stopping the Army Corps from using the most readily available sand source to meet the federal government’s stated obligation to replenish beaches and dunes as a protection of property and lives in an area vulnerable to threats of Atlantic storms.   

Prior to 2016, the Interior Department routinely granted a waiver. Our Washington delegation, including both senators, needs to push for a sensible local waiver.

By forcing the Corps to spend additional resources to locate new sources of sand further out to sea while meeting its immediate obligations through the pumping of sand from Townsends Inlet all the way to Stone Harbor beaches, the Interior Department has encouraged and abetted the waste of federal resources. 

So why are we in this predicament?  

One reason seems clear. The tendency of the federal government agencies to see all issues as universal and all solutions as applicable in all circumstances. This is more than just politics. It goes to a tendency in so many federal regulations to remain blind to local circumstance.  

Here we have an inlet that is continuously inundated with sand as the result of natural wave action. The Stockton University Coastal Research Center has verified the sand flow and the natural accumulation of sand at the inlet. The sand buildup actually has become a threat to navigation in the inlet. 

In short many purposes would be served by using this sand as part of an every three or four year federal beach replenishment effort. It would allow the Army Corps to meet its obligations as part of its Coastal Storm Risk Management Project initiated in 2002 and it would improve navigation is a heavily traveled inlet. All this while natural wave forces put that sand right back in the inlet for future use.  

Prior to 2016 the Interior Department routinely granted a waiver for the use of the sand by the Army Corps. Then in 2016 its interpretation of CBRA changed and waivers were denied. Administrations changed and in 2019 Interior Secretary David Bernhardt issued a letter that reversed the Fish and Wildlife position.  

The National Audubon Society immediately filed suit based on stated fears over what a relaxation of the CBRA interpretation would mean in North Carolina and other areas. The local circumstances concerning a dangerous buildup of sand in one New Jersey inlet and the good reasons for using that sand to protect people and property in nearby coastal areas were lost in the shrill of debate over national policy. If something is not good in North Carolina, it cannot be good in New Jersey is how the distant Audubon Society saw it.   

It is worth remembering that the sand is still available if you have the money to pay for it. The federal ban is on using federal dollars to mine the sand in the inlet for use on beaches outside the CBRA area. Ostensibly it would do great harm to the natural resources of undeveloped coastal barriers for that sand to be removed with federal dollars but do no harm at all if state or municipal dollars were used. This makes sense only in the rarified world of federal policy. 

What is clearly needed is a process where local circumstances can play a role in decisions about local waivers. There is no rational explanation for why Fish and Wildlife was able to issue waivers prior to 2016 and not after. Nothing changed except the perception of the world in the minds of the agency’s lawyers.  

Perhaps it is true that a more flexible approach to federal policy with respect to the use of Hereford Inlet sand would cause problems if implemented in North Carolina. We cannot know that with certainty. But these are problems only to those who see public policy as a one shoe fits all approach to federal regulation.   

We need to get this restriction on Hereford Inlet sand changed before shorelines engineered for storm management and protection are eroded both of sand and safety. The solution should not have to be finding alternative more expensive sources of sand in order to meet the misguided views of lawyers. The solution also does not have to be a change to the CBRA interpretation for all locations.  

We need local relief based on local circumstances. One size does not fit all. In this case blind adherence to a rigid national policy produces harms that the CBRA statute explicitly sought to end. Our Washington delegation, including both state senators, needs to push for a sensible local waiver. 


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