Posted on June 1, 2022
Overall, the AIWW is receiving $29.953 million for FY22 and the NJIWW is receiving $985,000. This includes appropriations for every state along the AIWW. In addition, the states of Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina received additional funding in the Corps’ work plan. This is the highest amount of funding the waterway has received in the regular appropriations process in recent history.
Digging into the President’s FY22 Budget
As reported last month, President Biden sent his Fiscal Year (FY) 2022 detailed budget to Congress on May 28. The overall amount budgeted by the Administration for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is $6.8 billion which is 14% more than the FY21 Budget; and the highest amount ever in a President’s budget for the Corps. However, it remained 13% less than the final amount received by the Corps from Congress in FY21, and roughly splits the difference between the FY21 original budget and the final allocation by Congress. In this article, we want to focus on the differences between the FY22 President’s Budget and previous year’s funding.
Overall, the President’s FY22 Budget is $24,138,000 for the New Jersey Intracoastal Waterway (NJIWW) and AIWW / IWW (Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway and Intracoastal Waterway in Florida). This is certainly the largest amount for the waterway in recent history and is GREAT NEWS! For FY21, we received $6,254,00 total so we are already 370% ahead of the Final FY21 appropriations. The specific amounts for each district are shown in the table below.
COMPARISON TO PREVIOUS YEARS…
As noted in the table below, amounts for many of the sections of the waterway have experienced an inconsistent stream of waterway funding from FY20 to FY21. This is due primarily to the low budgeted amounts in FY21 and the lack of additional funding through the work plan. However, work has continued in each section of the waterway each year. That work has included dredging, maintenance of upland disposal areas, and planning and engineering for new projects.
The differences between FY21 Total and FY22 Budget for each section are:
Virginia – $2.822M increase (145% increase)
North Carolina – $2.325M increase (64% increase)
South Carolina – $4.215M increase (4215% increase)
Georgia – $3.539M increase (1770% increase)
Florida – $4M increase (1052% increase)
NJIWW- $260k decrease (21% decrease)
If the waterway’s FY22 budgeted amounts are included in the final appropriations, we are looking at sufficient funding to perform new maintenance dredging in each state along the AIWW, and more funding needed for the NJIWW. There is also a possibility of additional dollars being added by Congress into Additional Dredging needs for General Navigation, Inland Waterways and Small Remote & Subsistence Navigation. We will be working to secure additional funding for the waterway from these allocations.
Congress has yet to draft the Energy & Water Appropriations bill in either the House of Representatives or the Senate. One of the main reasons for this is the current discussion, upcoming debate, and voting on an infrastructure bill (or possibly two bills). We are supportive of an investment in the nation’s transportation infrastructure and our waterways are an integral part of the Marine Transportation system. With an August recess looming for Congress, we expect that July will be a very busy month for Congress and look forward to reporting more in next month’s newsletter.
AIWA on the Road
We can’t tell you how good it felt to be back on the road again! While we have been active participants and speakers at both regional and national events around the country, you just cannot replace the chance to be in person talking with waterway stakeholders. We wanted to share a few photos from a recent event at the Dataw Island Yacht Club located in Beaufort, SC. Brad Pickel, AIWA Executive Director, was asked to speak to the membership about AIWA’s recent advocacy efforts.
Brad’s presentation was well received, and great news, we added five new memberships towards our 1,000 boaters in 2021 member campaign! Thank you Dataw Island boaters!
If you are interested in having us speak to your group of boaters or on site at a marina, please reach out as we would be delighted to discuss further. We enjoy connecting with recreational boaters and appreciate your support in growing our membership.
“Until Congress passes the appropriations bill, nothing is final, but we feel like we’re in an extremely good spot,” Pickel said. The funding is contained in civil works programming funds for the Corps of Engineers and is split among the five districts that make up the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway (AIWW). Besides the main appropriations funding, the waterway also typically receives money from congressionally authorized funding from the so-called “mini-pots” approved for inland waterways, general navigation or small, remote or subsistence navigation programs within the Corps’ operations and maintenance line item. For fiscal year 2021, however, it received none of that funding. Instead, Pickel said, the majority of that funding went to inland river projects elsewhere.The AIWW stretches more than 1,100 miles, from Norfolk, Va., to Miami, Fla. Some lengths consist of natural inlets, saltwater bays and sounds. Others are man-made canals. The Corps estimates that unmet maintenance needs of the waterway are approximately $81.5 million, with an annual maintenance need of $49.5 million. Although the Corps is authorized to maintain the waterway at a depth of 12 feet, inadequate funding continues to prevent this level of maintenance, according to an AIWA fact sheet.
Several sections have reduced depths ranging to less than 5 feet, and these areas have increased due to impacts in 2017 and 2018. Much of the work needed along the waterway is within the Charleston District boundary due to deteriorating upland placement sites. These shallow depths create a dangerous health and safety issue as smaller boats are forced to use the Atlantic Ocean and encounter rough seas, sometimes requiring Coast Guard assistance.
Maintenance dredging projects have reduced the backlog by more than $50 million from 2016 to 2020. However, the maintenance backlog increased by approximately $7 million from Fiscal Year 20 to Fiscal Year 21 based on Fiscal Year 21 appropriations.
The Virginia portion of the waterway has been a trouble spot for the waterway over the past couple of years, Pickel said, leading the AIWA to work with American Waterways Operators to work together toward a solution. The issue has primarily been ensuring the continued operation of the Great Bridge Lock on the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal (ACC), said Brian Vahey, AWO senior manager for the Atlantic region. “This is an important lock and an important part of the overall waterway for towing vessel operators as we have members who will regularly transport fuel down to the Navy base in the Norfolk area,” Vahey said.
In the past year, less than $2 million was received for ACC canal operations, Pickel said, but he added that the president’s budget request for Fiscal Year 22 includes $3.015 million, so he hopes those problems are at an end. Still, Vahey said, it’s a perfect example of how dredging and maintaining the region’s waterways affect not only the region but also national defense and the transportation system as a whole. “This is an important project for the towing industry,” he said. “I know a lot of recreational users use the canal, but it’s also an important project for the Navy as they have their naval yard and it’s more efficient for them to get their fuel deliveries to come from tug and barge.”
While recreational traffic often uses the Dismal Swamp Canal, which parallels the AIWW, most commercial traffic cannot fit through it, so adequate dredging remains incredibly important for commercial users and for government interests, Pickel said. One example Pickel gave was the importance of maintaining the AIWW between Jacksonville, Fla., and Beaufort, S.C., as jet fuel for F-35 fighter training in Beaufort comes via the waterway from Jacksonville. That can be a problem if any point in between isn’t adequately dredged, Pickel said, naming portions of the waterway in Georgia as spots that need regular dredging to be maintained.
Dredging in every state along the waterway will continue this year, he said. “And with this money coming in in ’22, we would expect to be able to continue that trend,” Pickel said. Despite the budget cuts, the dredging is taking place primarily because of carryover funding from previous years. Most projects take three to four years from initial design and bidding a project through construction, he said.
Major projects along the waterway this year include:
* In the Norfolk, Va., District, operations and maintenance of the Dismal Swamp and the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal continue. They include tree and debris removal in the Dismal Swamp Canal necessary after storms and hurricanes.
* In the Wilmington, N.C., District, a shallow-draft inlet crossing project will finish in Fiscal Year 2021. In 2022, the focus will be monitoring more shallow-draft inlet crossings along with Browns Inlet near Camp LeJeune, S.C.
* In the Charleston, S.C., District, work will focus on upland dredge disposal area rehabilitations and dike raising to increase the capacity for storing dredged material. Additionally, just north of Charleston in Breach Inlet, dredging depths will be closely monitored, and maintenance dredging may be performed. This is a shallow-draft inlet where material flows in from off-shore and from nearby beaches.
* In the Savannah, Ga., District, a beneficial use project for dredged material will be taking place in Altamaha Sound, where a bird island is being built as part of a partnership between the Corps and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources. “It’s a practice that used to occur all the time and provided critical habitat for shore birds, but it hasn’t been done in a long time,” Pickel said. The project will be completed over the course of two fiscal years.
*In the Jacksonville, Fla., District, funding is available for more inlet crossing projects, focusing mainly in the areas of St. Augustine and Palm Valley. The district is also looking to build out capacity, completing construction on a dredge material management area and seeking to build a second one.
©️Photo: A beneficial use project allows dredged sand to be placed on a beach in the Jupiter, FL area.